NSW grain transport
The NSW Grain Harvest Management Scheme (GHMS) promotes the safe and productive movement of grain. It is designed to decrease this risk, protect roads and to increase productivity and efficiency. The GHMS also seeks to provide a productivity benefit for growers and a higher degree of visibility to road managers of the use of their road assets.
2016/21 Grain Harvest Management Scheme (GHMS)
Following the success of the 2014/16 GHMS, the Scheme will continue to operate from 1 July 2016 to 30 June 2021 to improve the productivity and efficiency of the grain transport task.
Under the scheme, eligible heavy vehicles may exceed regulated total mass limits by up to 5% when delivering the following grains to participating grain receivers in participating council areas:
- Cereals that are wheat, barley, rice, oats, triticale, sorghum, maize or millets
- Oilseeds that are canola, sunflowers, monola or safflower
- Pulses that are chickpeas, faba beans, lupins, mung beans, field peas, soybeans, vetch, or lentils.
New South Wales Class 3 GHMS Mass Exemption (Notice) 2016
The New South Wales Class 3 GHMS Exemption Notice 2014 expired on 30 June 2016.
Roads and Maritime has worked with Transport for NSW, the Grain Harvest Management Scheme Consultative Committee and the National Heavy Vehicle Regulator to amend and extend this Notice. The New South Wales Class 3 GHMS Exemption (Notice) 2016, commenced on 1 July 2016.
The following changes have been made:
- The Notice has been extended for 5 years with an expiry date of 30 June 2021
- Schedule 1 has been removed and replaced with a link to the legally enforceable Scheme network
- 2 additional vehicle codes (reflecting 2 configurations) have been included in the eligible vehicle list:
- Code 4 — 5 axle Semitrailer
- Code 49 - 3 axle truck with 5 axle dog trailer and 4 axle dog trailer.
2016/21 Participating councils and grain receivers
Local councils may decide to participate in the scheme for the complete period or for specific time periods and may also specify access conditions.
Participating grain receivers (PGRs) must provide data on all vehicle deliveries, including overloaded deliveries, to Roads and Maritime for compliance and enforcement action and operate in accordance with the New South Wales Class 3 GHMS Mass Exemption (Notice) 2016. Please note that not all sites of a PGR may be eligible to receive grain at GHMS masses. To be eligible the site must be either on a state road or on a road or in an area approved by a participating council.
Participating councils, conditions of access, and excluded areas and routes
Participating grain receivers
The enforceable GHMS map provides details of the approved and excluded areas/routes and conditions of access for eligible heavy vehicles operating under the New South Wales Class 3 GHMS Mass Exemption (Notice) 2016.
Note: The published maps are the legally enforceable network in NSW.
The interactive Grain Harvest Management Scheme (GHMS) map shows approved routes and restrictions as an overlay on top of Google maps. Roads and Maritime has no responsibility for, and does not guarantee the accuracy of, the underlying Google maps.
Roads and Maritime strives to be accurate in showing the GHMS approved routes and restrictions, however, there may be errors and omissions caused by Google maps being incorrect or out of date. Roads and Maritime is not responsible for errors or omissions.
Travel conditions which apply to an approved route or area for a restricted access vehicle must be observed. This map should be read in conjunction with the list of participating councils and Participating Grain Receivers which are frequently updated to align with the map.
Where can I travel?
General Access Vehicles operating under the scheme may operate on all state classified roads and approved local and regional roads in participating council areas. This includes rigid trucks, truck and dog combinations and single trailer combinations not exceeding 19 metres long, and 19 metre B-doubles not exceeding 52.5 tonnes.
Eligible Restricted Access Vehicles (RAVs) operating under the scheme may only operate on state classified roads (roads managed by Roads and Maritime) and local and regional roads in participating council areas that are approved for that type of RAV.
Approved RAV routes are shown on the interactive RAV map.
Eligible heavy vehicles operating under the scheme must not operate where prohibited by a load limit specified for a road, bridge or causeway by a sign or notice.
2016/21 Scheme eligible vehicles
The following types of heavy vehicles are eligible to participate in the scheme:
- a rigid truck with three or more axles
- a rigid truck (with three or more axles) towing a dog trailer with not more than four axles
- a prime mover and semitrailer combination that has an overall length not exceeding 19.0m, and not more than 6 axles in total
- a B-double that has an overall length not exceeding 19.0m, and not more than 7 axles in total
- a B-double that has an overall length not exceeding 26.0m, and 9 axles in total
- a road train that has an overall length not exceeding 36.5m, and not more than 12 axles in total
- a B-triple that has an overall length not exceeding 36.5 m and consists of a prime mover and three semitrailers, and not more than 12 axles in total; and
- an AB-triple that has an overall length not exceeding 36.5m and consists of a prime mover and semitrailer combination connected, by a converter dolly, to a B-double trailer set, and that has not more than 15 axles in total.
All eligible vehicles must have dual tyres on all non-steer axles. The scheme is not available to Performance Based Standards (PBS) vehicles.
There is no enrolment process or administration fee for heavy vehicles to operate under the scheme. All eligible heavy vehicles operating under the scheme must carry a copy of the New South Wales Class 3 GHMS Mass Exemption (Notice) 2016, and comply with the scheme’s mass limits and operating conditions.
B-triples (except for modular B-triples travelling west of the Newell Highway) and AB-triples must comply with NSW B-triple and AB-triple operating conditions, including enrolment in the Intelligent Access Program.
2016/21 Scheme mass limits
Total mass limits
The total mass limits under the scheme are up to 5% above the General Mass Limits total mass limit for the vehicle or combination with tri-axle groups.
However, under no circumstances may the total mass for a vehicle exceed:
- The sum of the axle mass limits, or
- The Gross Combination Mass for the prime mover, or
- The sum of Gross Vehicle Masses of the prime mover and all trailers and dollies.
Table A – Total mass limits
|Rigid truck – 3 or more axles||23 tonnes|
|Rigid truck twin steer non-load sharing||27 tonnes|
|Rigid truck twin steer load sharing||28 tonnes|
|Prime mover and semitrailer combination – 4 axles||32 tonnes|
|Prime mover and semitrailer combination – 5 axles (3 axle prime mover and 2 axle semitrailer)||40 tonnes|
|Prime mover and semitrailer combination – 5 axles (2 axle prime mover and 3 axle semitrailer)||36.63 tonnes|
|Prime mover and semitrailer combination – 6 axles||44.63 tonnes|
|Rigid truck and dog trailer – 5 axles||41 tonnes|
|Rigid truck and dog trailer – 6 axles||44.63 tonnes|
|Rigid truck and dog trailer – 7 axles||44.63 tonnes|
|B-double (up to 19m) (General Access Vehicle) – 7 axles||52.5 tonnes|
|B-double (up to 19m) (Restricted Access Vehicle)* – 7 axles||57 tonnes|
|25/26 metre B-double 9 axles||65.63 tonnes|
|Road Train – 11 axles||83 tonnes|
|Road Train (which includes a rigid truck towing two dog trailers up to 36.5m in length) – 11 axles||83 tonnes|
|Road Train – 12 axles||86.63 tonnes|
|B-triple (including a modular B-triple) – 12 axles||86.63 tonnes|
|AB-triple with tandem axle converter dolly – 14 axles||104 tonnes|
|AB-triple with tri-axle converter dolly – 15 axles||107.63 tonnes|
* Being a B-double mentioned in clause 2 of Schedule 1 (New South Wales) to the National Class 2 Heavy Vehicle B-Double Authorisation (Notice).
Steer axle mass exception (total mass limit) condition
A heavy vehicle that complies with the requirements of Schedule 3 of the National Regulation (Steer axle mass exception limits) may exceed the mass limit in Table A by 0.5 tonnes.
Steer axle mass exception (axle or axle group) condition
A heavy vehicle that complies with the requirements of Schedule 3 of National Regulation (Steer axle mass exception limits) may exceed the 6 tonnes mass limit for a single steer axle by 0.5 tonnes.
Floating 0.5 tonne tri-axle mass limit concession
The mass on a tri-axle group of a semitrailer may be exceeded by 0.5 tonnes provided that the total mass of the combination does not exceed the applicable total mass limit.
National Heavy Vehicle Accreditation Scheme (NHVAS) enrolment
In recognition of the accreditation of vehicles in the NHVAS mass management module enrolment, an additional 200 kilograms on the tri-axle group is permitted for six axle semi-trailers accredited in NHVAS.
Table B - Axle and axle group mass limits
|Steer axle and axle groups||Mass limit|
|Single steer axle||6 tonnes|
|Twin steer axle group (non-load-sharing)||10 tonnes|
|Twin steer axle group (load-sharing)||11 tonnes|
|Non-steer axles and axle groups (fitted with dual tyres)||Mass limit|
|Single axle||9 tonnes|
|Tandem axle group||17 tonnes|
|Tri-axle group (in a prime mover and semitrailer combination)||21.63 tonnes|
|Tri-axle group (in a 25/26m B-double with 9 axles)||21.32 tonnes|
|Tri-axle group (in a road train with 11 axles)||21.5 tonnes|
|Tri-axle group (in a road train with 12 axles)||21.21 tonnes|
|Tri-axle group (in a B-triple with 12 axles)||21.21 tonnes|
|Tri-axle group (in an AB-triple with 14 axles)||21.33 tonnes|
|Tri-axle group (in an AB-triple with 15 axles)||21.16 tonnes|
Transporting grain across borders
The NSW Scheme’s mass limits only apply within NSW Borders. Different mass limits apply in other states unless the vehicle or combination is eligible for Concessional Mass Limits (CML) or Higher Mass Limits (HML).
In Victoria, there is no mass exemption scheme for grain transport and the General Mass Limits apply unless the vehicle or combination is eligible for CML or HML.
For more information on Victorian mass limits, please contact Vicroads.
In Queensland mass limits up to 7.5% above General Mass Limits apply to vehicles registered in the Queensland GHMS, subject to compliance with scheme requirements. The Queensland GHMS masses are not permitted in NSW.
For more information on the Queensland scheme, please contact Agforce Queensland.
Compliance and enforcement
Exceeding scheme mass limits at participating grain receivers
Details of overloaded vehicles will be reported to Roads and Maritime by participating grain receivers and analysed for compliance management and enforcement. Additional measures may be put in place by receivers to maintain the low incidence of industry overloading.
Penalties may be imposed on one or more of the parties in the chain of responsibility for the load in the following circumstances:
- Breaches of scheme operating conditions
- Breaches of scheme axle mass limits and total mass limits
- Non-compliance with approved routes.
Vehicles or combinations found to be breaching scheme operating conditions will be assessed against the regulated mass limits and penalties will be applied accordingly.
On road enforcement
Vehicles and combinations participating in the scheme will be subject to on-road inspections by Roads and Maritime and local council inspectors and police officers.
Roads and Maritime NSW Grain Harvest Management Scheme Harvest Period Reports
The NSW Grain Harvest Management Scheme January - June 2015 Harvest Period Report (the Report) is a companion to the NSW Grain Harvest Management Scheme Report October – December 2014 Harvest Period Report.
The Report provides an overview of the Scheme operation during the harvest for the first half of 2015. This report focuses on the rice harvest, the predominant type of grain harvested in NSW during this period. It is produced from data provided by Participating Grain Receivers (PGRs) and analysed by Roads and Maritime.
The results of the data analysis confirm that the Scheme continues to meet its aim of balancing increased productivity with the management of infrastructure. The data for this period shows low levels of overloading by industry, in line with the findings of the October – December 2014 Harvest Period Report. Future Scheme reporting will be on a financial year basis.
The NSW Grain Harvest Management Scheme Report October – December 2014 Harvest Period Report provides information and data on the GHMS and how the GHMS operated in Local Government Areas (LGAs). Information was collected from Participating Grain Receivers and analysed to provide an overall evaluation of the GHMS. The Report is for the harvest period 1 October 2014 – 31 December 2014.
If you have any feedback on these reports please email email@example.com.
Review of the 2013/14 GHMS
The NSW Government trialled the GHMS from October 2013 to May 2014 in response to industry needs for improved productivity and efficiency in the grain transport task. The GHMS was designed to:
- Facilitate the movement of grain from farms to grain receivers during the peak harvest season
- Improve the productivity of and efficiency in the grain transport task
- Protect road and bridge infrastructure
- Promote the safe movement of grain across the state
- Recognise industry's higher productivity needs
- Support the competitiveness of the NSW grain industry in national and international markets.
An independent review of the 2013-14 scheme found it was well received and should continue for future harvests. A summary of the review, prepared by Transport for NSW, is available to download.