Federal Interstate Registration Scheme (FIRS)

The Federal Interstate Registration Scheme (FIRS) provides an alternative to state-based registration for heavy vehicles with a Gross Vehicle Mass (GVM) over 4.5 tonnes, and engaged solely in interstate operations. Roads and Maritime Services administers FIRS in NSW on behalf of the Australian Government.

Operating FIRS vehicles in NSW

Vehicles registered under FIRS are entitled to operate on NSW roads only if they are involved in the carriage of goods or passengers between Australian jurisdictions. This includes an intrastate component of the journey if it involves the carriage of goods which are sourced or destined for interstate.

FIRS vehicles may also be used for purposes that are ‘incidental’ to the carriage of goods or passengers between jurisdictions.

Incidental use may include an unladen journey between two places within a jurisdiction for the purpose of collecting the goods or passengers that will be transported to another jurisdiction.

For practical reasons, FIRS vehicles may also travel unladen between two places within a jurisdiction for servicing or inspecting the vehicle.

FIRS vehicles operated outside these guidelines are considered unregistered. Operating or causing or permitting the operation of unregistered heavy vehicles may result in penalties and/or demerit points. See unregistered vehicles for more information.

Applying for FIRS registration

To register your vehicle under FIRS, you must attend a registry or service centre in person and provide the following:

  • A completed Application for Registration form
  • A completed Description of Heavy Vehicle / Trailer form
  • A completed Declaration of Eligibility for a Registration Concession
  • An inspection report proving that the vehicle is suitable for safe use
    • Note: Operators accredited under the National Heavy Vehicle Accreditation Scheme (NHVAS) and Hire Trailer Maintenance Management Accreditation Scheme (HTMMAS) are exempt from inspection requirements when changing their registration from NSW FIRS to general, general to NSW FIRS and re-establish FIRS registration.  This does not apply to interstate registered general or FIRS vehicles changing to NSW registration.
  • Evidence of a Compulsory Third Party (CTP) insurance covering the registration period.

Fees and charges

FIRS vehicles are subject to national heavy vehicle registration charges and inspection fees.

Changing a NSW-registered vehicle to FIRS

Any operator of a NSW-registered heavy vehicle with a GVM of more than 4.5 tonnes who wants to use the vehicle solely for interstate trade or commerce can apply for FIRS registration.

You must surrender the NSW number plates and establish a new FIRS registration for the vehicle. See the section on Applying for FIRS Registration for the steps to take.

FIRS vehicles are exempt from stamp duty.

Renewing a FIRS registration

FIRS-registered vehicles may be renewed online, by phoning the Interactive Voice Response System on 1300 360 782 or in person at a registry or service centre.

Note: Vehicles in the National Heavy Vehicle Accreditation Scheme (NHVAS) and Hire Trailer Maintenance Management Accreditation Scheme (HTMMAS) are exempt from annual inspection requirements including RMS-HVIS inspections.

You may renew a FIRS registration for quarterly, half yearly, or annual periods.

Changing a NSW FIRS vehicle to NSW registration

Operators accredited under the NHVAS and HTMMAS are exempt from inspection requirements when changing the registration from NSW FIRS to NSW registration.


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