Mobile cranes

Mobile cranes are classified as Special Purpose Vehicles (SPV). An SPV is defined as a motor vehicle or trailer, other than an agricultural vehicle or a tow truck built for a purpose other than carrying goods.

Access for mobile cranes

This webpage provides information on access in NSW for mobile cranes that are outside the statutory dimension and mass limits.

An SPV that exceeds one or more of the general mass and dimension limits set out in the Heavy Vehicle (Mass, Dimension and Loading) National Regulation is considered a Class 1 restricted access heavy vehicle. For further information on SPVs please see the National Heavy Vehicle Regulator (NHVR) website.

Mobile cranes that do not conform with the statutory mass and dimensions limits (eg height 4.3 metres, width 2.5 metres and length of 12.5 metres for a single vehicle or 19.0 metres for a combination) may gain access on NSW roads through:

Note: A NSW Intelligent Access Program (IAP) Certificate of Enrolment may be required as stated in the NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice, National Class 1 Special Purpose Notice or access permit.

    SPV crane certification

    The NHVR has integrated the NSW SPV crane certification into the process for importation and registration of new rigid cranes. Most heavy vehicle cranes are classified as SPV for the purposes of vehicle standards and registration.

    Operators will be able to get the weight and dimensions of their newly purchased cranes certified by crane manufacturers. Manufacturers or importers of cranes can nominate a representative of their company to assess and complete a NSW Mobile Crane Application form.

    This procedure for declaring the dimensions of a new crane has been incorporated into the NHVR in-principle support required for the import and purchase of new SPVs. Once the in-principle support has been granted by the NHVR and purchase finalised, the NSW Mobile Crane Application will serve to certify the Statement of Requirement (SoR).

    The NSW Mobile Crane Application will be used by the NHVR to assess vehicle standards exemptions and by Roads and Maritime Services to issue a Certificate of Approved Operations for the purposes of registration in NSW.

    The NHVR will communicate directly with operators and advise them of the outcome of their application for both the vehicle standards and NSW registration.

    Operators will be in a position to register the vehicle, once they have secured the vehicle standards exemption and the Certificate of Approved Operations.

    The procedures for measurement of weight and dimension apply.

    For information about the process, you may contact Roads and Maritime on 13 22 13.

    Mobile crane access under the NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or the National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice

    Mobile cranes within specified dimension and mass limits can travel in NSW under the NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or the National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice. The driver must satisfy the requirements and conditions stated in the Notice that the crane is operating under.

    Mobile cranes that require enrolment in the Intelligent Access Program (IAP)

    IAP now forms part of the services delivered by Roads and Maritime on behalf of the NHVR.

    All high risk mobile cranes must be enrolled in the IAP as a condition of access to approved roads in NSW. This includes mobile cranes registered in NSW, as well as those registered in other States or Territories who may wish to use NSW roads.

    High risk mobile cranes are defined as:

    Note: When travelling under the National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice, two axle Pick and Carry cranes that are 2.5 metres wide or less with axle masses above 10 tonnes but which do not exceed 12 tonnes will not require IAP in NSW.

    When a mobile crane is fully enrolled in IAP, Roads and Maritime will issue a NSW IAP Certificate of Enrolment. IAP enrolments for high risk mobile cranes can be submitted through the Roads and Maritime online service.

    High risk mobile cranes not fully enrolled in IAP and travelling on NSW roads will risk being breached under the Road Transport Act 2013 and Heavy Vehicle (Mass, Dimension and Loading) National Regulation 2013.

    The NSW Special Purpose Vehicle Network map shows five networks with each network providing details of approved roads and zones and restricted locations and/or assets for that level. Refer to your NSW IAP Certificate of Enrolment for the SPV network your crane is allowed access on.

    The high risk mobile cranes policy was developed in consultation with industry and the Crane Industry Council of Australia. For further information please contact Roads and Maritime Vehicle Telematics Operations via email at iap@rms.nsw.gov.au or by phone on 1300 364 847.

    Urban Access Concession (UAC)

    What is the UAC?

    The UAC allows eligible mobile cranes to travel within the NSW Urban Zone during peak hour travel, on any classified State road, Monday to Friday between 7:00am and 9:00am and between 4:00pm and 6:00pm.

    The UAC also allows eligible high risk mobile cranes to travel in clearway and transit lanes within the NSW Urban Zone between 6:00am and 10:00am and between 3:00pm and 7:00pm when clearway or transit lane restrictions apply.

    Mobile cranes that are eligible to operate under the UAC are also able to access selected tunnels provided they comply with tunnel height restrictions and all other conditions listed in the National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice and the NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice. Mobile cranes witha a forward projection exceeding 3.5 metres when travelling in selected tunnels must have a yellow and red tether fitted that is manufactured to a standard outlined in AS 4497-1997 and is fitted from either of the travelling lugs of the boom to a lug at the front of the crane which must also not obscure the visibility of the number plate.

    The UAC travel concession does not apply on state-wide public holidays or during public holiday periods.

    Mobile cranes operating under the UAC must comply with all route restrictions contained in the National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice or the NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice and, if operating under an access permit, any related access permit conditions relevant to the crane.

    What cranes are eligible for the UAC?

    To be eligible for the UAC, mobile cranes must comply with one of the two dimensional envelopes listed below:

    Dimension Option 1 Option 2
    Width Not exceeding 2.9m Not exceeding 2.9m
    Forward projection Not exceeding 3.5m Not exceeding 5.5m
    Length Not exceeding 15.5m (includes the forward projection and rear overhang) Not exceeding 10.8m (includes the forward projection and rear overhang)
    Height Not exceeding the maximum height dimension limits for mobile cranes listed in the current NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice. Not exceeding the maximum height dimension limits for mobile cranes listed in the current NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice.
    Rear overhang Not exceeding the maximum rear overhang dimension limits for mobile cranes listed in the current NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice. Not exceeding the maximum rear overhang dimension limits for mobile cranes listed in the current NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice.

    How to apply for the UAC

    To operate under the UAC you must obtain an access permit. You will need to apply to either the National Heavy Vehicle Regulator (NHVR) or Roads and Maritime for an access permit and provide the required supporting documents for the UAC and your NSW IAP Certificate of Enrolment, if required, as part of the permit application.

    If your mobile crane is eligible for the UAC and is also a high risk mobile crane it must be enrolled in an IAP-UAC scheme to obtain this concession. To apply for an IAP UAC scheme select ‘Urban Access Concession (UAC)’ under special requirements on the Application Details Form for IAP Mobile Cranes and on the IAP online enrolment via the Roads and Maritime online service.

    To be eligible for the IAP UAC scheme you must provide the required supporting documents for the UAC (see below) as part of your IAP enrolment.

    If your mobile crane is eligible for the IAP UAC scheme, Roads and Maritime will send you an interim Intelligent Access Condition (IAC) for you to provide to your IAP Service Provider. Once the IAC has been approved, a NSW IAP Certificate of Enrolment containing information on the relevant UAC scheme will be sent to you.

    What supporting documents do I need when applying for the UAC?

    For cranes registered in NSW, the following additional documents are required when applying for the UAC:

    • A NSW SPV Exemption/Approval dated from 1 March 2011 to 9 February 2014; or
    • A NSW SPV Exemption/Approval dated before 1 March 2011 and a Roads and Maritime Vehicle Dimension Certificate (VDC)*; or
    • An NHVR Vehicle Standards Exemption (Permit) from 10 February 2014 stating approved dimensions and mass of the crane.

    For cranes registered interstate, the following additional documents are required when applying for the UAC:

    • Approval document from your registering authority dated before 10 February 2014 stating the width, length and forward projection of the crane; or
    • An NHVR Vehicle Standards Exemption (Permit) from 10 February 2014 stating the approved dimensions and mass of the crane.

    *Please contact Roads and Maritime Technical Enquiries on 1300 137 302 to arrange measurement for a VDC.

    Urban Peak hour Concession (UPC)

    What is the UPC?

    The UPC has been implemented to accommodate the urban access requirements for 'Pick and Carry' mobile cranes that exceed 3.5 metres forward projection.

    The UPC is similar in operation to the Urban Access Concession (UAC) for mobile cranes with the following exceptions:

    • The UPC applies to different crane dimensions.
    • The UPC does NOT permit access to restricted tunnels.

    What cranes are eligible for the UPC?

    There are two groups of ‘pick and carry’ mobile cranes that may apply for the UPC:

    High risk ‘pick and carry’ cranes and UPC

    ‘Pick and Carry’ mobile cranes that comply with one of the two following dimension envelopes listed in the table below are eligible for the UPC provided they are enrolled in the IAP:

    Dimension Option 1 Option 2
    Width Not exceeding 2.9m Not exceeding 2.9m
    Forward projection Not exceeding 5.5m Not exceeding 4.6m
    Length Not exceeding 10.5m (includes the forward projection and rear overhang) Not exceeding 10.8m (includes the forward projection and rear overhang)
    Height Not exceeding the maximum height dimension limits for mobile cranes listed in the current NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice. Not exceeding the maximum height dimension limits for mobile cranes listed in the current NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice.
    Rear overhang Not exceeding the maximum rear overhang dimension limits for mobile cranes listed in the current NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice. Not exceeding the maximum rear overhang dimension limits for mobile cranes listed in the current NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice.

    Other eligible 'pick and carry' cranes and UPC

    ‘Pick and Carry’ mobile cranes that comply with one of the two dimension envelopes listed in the table below are eligible for the UPC without requiring to be enrolled in the IAP.

    Dimension Option 1 Option 2
    Width Not exceeding 2.5m Not exceeding 2.5m
    Forward projection Not exceeding 5.5m Not exceeding 4.6m
    Length Not exceeding 10.5m (includes the forward projection and rear overhang) Not exceeding 10.8m (includes the forward projection and rear overhang)
    Height Not exceeding the maximum height dimension limits for mobile cranes listed in the current NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice. Not exceeding the maximum height dimension limits for mobile cranes listed in the current NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice.
    Rear overhang Not exceeding the maximum rear overhang dimension limits for mobile cranes listed in the current NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice. Not exceeding the maximum rear overhang dimension limits for mobile cranes listed in the current NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice.
    Diagram - key eligibility dimensions for mobile cranes
    Diagram - key eligibility dimensions for mobile cranes

    When and where can I travel under the UPC?

    ‘Pick and carry’ mobile cranes operating under the UPC can travel within the NSW Urban Zone during peak hour travel, on any classified State road, Monday to Friday between 7:00am and 9:00am and between 4:00pm and 6:00pm.

    ‘Pick and carry’ mobile cranes operating under the UPC can also travel in clearway and transit lanes within the NSW Urban Zone between 6:00am and 10:00am and between 3:00pm and 7:00pm when clearway or transit lane restrictions apply.

    The UPC travel concession does not apply on state-wide public holidays or during public holiday periods.

    ‘Pick and carry’ mobile cranes operating under the UPC must comply with all route restrictions contained in the National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice, the NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice and, if operating under an access permit, any related access permit conditions relevant to the crane.

    How to apply for the UPC for my ‘pick and carry’ crane

    1. High Risk ‘pick and carry’ mobile cranes

    Eligible high risk mobile cranes enrolled in the IAP must be enrolled in a relevant UPC scheme to obtain this concession. To apply for an IAP UPC scheme select 'Urban Peak hour Concession (UPC)' under special requirements on the Application Details Form for IAP Mobile Cranes.

    To be eligible for the IAP UAC scheme you must provide the required supporting documents for the UPC (see below) as part of your IAP enrolment.

    If your mobile crane is eligible for the IAP UPC scheme, Roads and Maritime will send you an interim Intelligent Access Condition (IAC) for you to provide to your IAP Service Provider. Once the IAC has been approved, a NSW IAP Certificate of Enrolment containing information on the relevant UPC scheme will be sent to you.

    To operate under the UPC you must comply with the National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice or obtain an access permit. You will need to apply for an access permit and provide your NSW IAP Certificate of Enrolment as part of your permit application.

    2. Other Eligible ‘pick and carry’ mobile cranes

    Operators of other eligible ‘pick and carry’ mobile cranes that do not currently have an access permit will need to apply to the NHVR and provide the required supporting documents for the UPC. UPC access may be granted if the crane meets the UPC eligibility requirements.

    What supporting documents do I need when applying for the UPC?

    For cranes registered in NSW, the following additional supporting documents are required when applying for the UPC:

    • A NSW SPV Exemption/Approval dated from 1 March 2011 to 9 February 2014, or
    • A NSW SPV Exemption/Approval dated before 1 March 2011 and a Roads and Maritime Vehicle Dimension Certificate (VDC)*, or
    • An NHVR Vehicle Standards Exemption (Permit) from 10 February 2014 stating approved dimensions and mass of the crane.

    For cranes registered interstate, the following additional supporting documents are required when applying for the UPC:

    •  Approval document from your registering authority dated before 10 February 2014 stating the width, length and forward projection of the crane, or
    • An NHVR Vehicle Standards Exemption (Permit) from 10 February 2014 stating the approved dimensions and mass or the crane.

    * Please contact Roads and Maritime Technical Enquiries on 1300 137 302 to arrange measurement for a VDC.

    IAP Mobile Crane Mass or Dimension Exemption (Permit) - Alternate Configuration Journey Permit (ACJP)

    All-terrain mobile cranes enrolled and participating in the Roads and Maritime’ IAP in NSW can apply for an IAP Mobile Crane Mass or Dimension Exemption (Permit) - Alternate Configuration Journey Permit (ACJP). An ACJP allows a crane to obtain route access by travelling temporarily at a mass which varies from the approved mass described in the access permit and/or the approval document from a registering authority or NHVR.

    An in-principle approval to use the route being sought is required prior to lodging a completed Alternate Configuration Journey Permit application. This can be obtained by contacting Roads and Maritime Vehicle Telematics Operation via email at iap@rms.nsw.gov.au or by phone on 1300 364 847.

    A certified weighbridge ticket, pre-dated to a maximum of three days prior to the date the application is received by Roads and Maritime must be included in the Alternate Configuration Journey Permit application to verify that the mass has been reduced.

    The ACJP number must be declared by selecting “Operating under special permits” in the Comment Name field and declaring the information in the Comment text field for each of the following events:

    Comment text field Example Events
    Enter in “Start – ” followed by the ACJP number. Start – 123456 At the start of each journey when operating under the ACJP.
    Enter in “Continue – ” followed by the ACJP number. Continue – 123456 At the start of each day while still operating under the ACJP.
    Enter in “End – ” followed by the ACJP number. End – 123456 At the end of each journey when operating under the ACJP.

    The maximum permit period for which an ACJP will be issued is 14 days.

    IAP Mobile Crane Mass or Dimension Exemption (Permit) - Alternate Configuration Annual Permit (ACAP)

    All-terrain mobile cranes enrolled and participating in Roads and Maritime’ IAP in NSW can apply for an IAP Mobile Crane Mass or Dimension Exemption (Permit) – Alternate Configuration Annual Permit (ACAP). An ACAP allows a mobile crane to obtain access to a network by travelling at a mass which varies from the approved mass described in the access permit.

    Note: An ACAP permit will provide access on a second (least restrictive network) while the base/primary permit will provide access on a base network (most restrictive).

    To apply for ACAP, select ‘Alternate Configurations’ under special requirements on the Application Details Form for IAP Mobile Cranes and lodge the completed form along with the following documents:

    • Vehicle registration certificate showing the vehicle is registered in the largest configuration
    • Either the following that shows approval for both configurations – the crane and dolly combination and the stand alone crane:
      • NHVR Vehicle Standards Exemption (Permit), or
      • Approval document from a registering authority (e.g. Special Purpose Vehicle Exemption/Approval previously issued in NSW) stating the crane’s approved dimensions and mass
    • Current split weighbridge certificates if the NHVR Vehicle Standards Exemption (Permit) or approval document from a registering authority does not state the crane’s individual axle masses for both configurations.

    Roads and Maritime will assess your application and determine if an ACAP can be issued. If issued, the ACAP number must be declared using a self declaration facility certified by Transport Certification Australia.

    The ACAP number must be declared by selecting “Operating under special permits” in the Comment Name field and declaring the information in the Comment text field for each of the following events:

    Comment text field Example Events
    Enter in “Start – ” followed by the ACAP number. Start – 123456 At the start of each journey when operating under the ACAP.
    Enter in “Continue – ” followed by the ACAP number. Continue – 123456 At the start of each day while still operating under the ACAP.
    Enter in “End – ” followed by the ACAP number. End – 123456 At the end of each journey when operating under the ACAP.

    For further information please see frequently asked questions: mobile cranes - Alternate Configuration Permits.

    Mobile cranes that require a specific access permit

    Oversize and overmass mobile cranes with dimensions or mass over the limits stated in the NSW Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicles Notice or the National Class 1 Special Purpose Vehicle Notice may be eligible to obtain access to specified NSW roads through a specific access permit for particular routes. Specific access permit applications are considered on a case by case basis and fees apply.

    Further information can be obtained by contacting Roads and Maritime Vehicle Telematics Operations via email at iap@rms.nsw.gov.au or by phone on 1300 364 847.

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