Fixed speed cameras
Fixed speed cameras are used at high-risk locations such as tunnels or in areas with a history of severe crashes.
Fixed digital speed cameras
Fixed digital speed cameras operate in NSW because of their proven ability to deter drivers from speeding, thereby reducing crashes and preventing deaths and injuries. Speed camera locations are listed on the Centre for Road Safety website.
Fixed speed cameras are installed at sites that meet criteria developed by Transport for NSW (Centre for Road Safety) in consultation with NRMA and the NSW Police. The criteria is based on crash rates and travelling speeds.
Every fixed speed camera is accompanied by highly visible advance warning signs. The community is also advised of the installation of a speed camera via local media and the Centre for Road Safety website. Details include the camera location, crash history at the site or reason for the camera’s installation and the date of operation.
There are three warning signs installed on the approach to a regular fixed digital speed camera. These signs all display an image of a speed camera, a warning message and the regulatory speed limit. The three signs appear in the following order on approach to the speed camera:
- 'Speed camera 24 hours'
- 'Speed camera ahead'; and or 'speed camera in use'
- 'Heavy fines loss of licence'.
The use of camera advisory signs is not legally required in NSW but is part of a Roads and Maritime Services policy to alert motorists that they are approaching a fixed digital speed camera.
Cameras in school zones
In NSW more than one million school students travel to and from school each day. The vast majority of students do so safely. The NSW State Government is committed to further increasing safety for children during school travel times.
There are 127 fixed digital speed cameras installed in NSW, of which 57 are in school zones.
The school zones were selected according to a number of criteria concerning the risks young pedestrians are exposed to, including a combination of high traffic volumes, the level of pedestrian use and crash history.
All NSW school zones are sign-posted with regulatory signs that list the operating times of the school zones.
Frequently asked questions
Fixed digital speed cameras detect the speed of vehicles by using approved electronic sensors that are embedded in the road surface. These sensors accurately measure the speed of the vehicle. If the speed of the vehicle exceeds the legal limit then a digital picture is taken of the offending vehicle.
If a vehicle is detected speeding, a digital image of the vehicle is recorded including the type and the number plate of the vehicle. Fixed digital speed cameras have the capacity to measure speed in both directions.
Digital images also include:
- Date of the offence
- Time of the offence
- Location details of the camera which took the picture
- Direction of travel of the offending vehicle
- Speed of the offending vehicle
- Speed limit applying to the road where the camera is situated at the time of the offence
- The lane that the vehicle was travelling in
- Other security and integrity parameters.
The fixed speed camera system monitors both the speed and the lane of all passing traffic using an independent set of sensors for each lane. The cameras are tested regularly to ensure each speeding vehicle is detected correctly.
A digital speed camera system includes a digital camera recording device and an associated speed-measuring device. The system used in NSW has undergone a comprehensive evaluation and testing procedure to ensure its accuracy and reliability.
Qualified Roads and Maritime operators inspect each camera system and verify its accuracy and proper operation before the start of the camera’s operation and thereafter at regular intervals.
The camera recording device is calibrated and certified every 30 days in accordance with Section 138 of the Road Transport Act 2013. The speed-measuring device is certified at least every year in accordance with Section 137 of this Act. In addition to legislated responsibilities, Roads and Maritime also carries out additional verification of speed camera accuracy bi-annually. Inspections are also conducted after any maintenance or repair of either of these devices.
Cameras in school zones
All school zone speed cameras operate 24 hours per day, seven days a week and detect vehicles exceeding the speed limit. They are also programmed to detect vehicles exceeding the 40km/h school zone speed limit during sign-posted school zone times.
For most locations these times are: 8am – 9.30am and 2.30pm – 4pm on days gazetted by the NSW Department of Education. There are a small number of schools which have different school zone times. They are identified by red/orange school zone signs to show non-standard times. For more information about school zones visit the Centre for Road Safety website.
NSW school zones are sign-posted indicating the operating times of the school zone. There are also large, bright yellow markings painted on the road showing the 40km/h speed limit. In addition to the regulatory signs Roads and Maritime has also installed flashing lights (school zone alert systems) at a number of school zone sites, including all fixed speed camera sites that are located in a school zone. School zone flashing lights are used as an additional warning system to alert motorists to slow down, and are not legally required in NSW.
There are a small number of schools with different school zone times because they either start earlier or finish later than other schools. School zone signs at these schools display the times which apply. Non-standard school zones are clearly identified as school zones and distinguished from standard zones by their design including an orange banner across the top and red lettering.
Fixed digital speed cameras enforce the school zone 40km/h speed limit during the stated school zone hours on all gazetted school days. Pupil free days or staff development days fit into this category and in some cases there may still be students attending schools on these days.
There are also some instances where double demerits apply on a school day. This will usually happen when the day before a long weekend is also a gazetted school day.
School days are defined as those gazetted by the NSW Government and which can be found on the NSW Department of Education website. Both Catholic and independent schools, irrespective of their term dates, have enforceable school zones in line with Department of Education school terms. The fixed speed cameras enforce the school zone speed limit in accordance with the Department of Education school term dates.